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Historical Timeline - The Dynasties

The Anglo- Saxon Dynasty

The Anglo- Saxon Dynasty 

757 

Following a civil war Offa becomes King of Mercia. 

796 

Death of Offa. His son Ecgfrith becomes King but he dies a few months later. Coenwulf rules as King of Mercia until his death in 821. 

802 

Egbert becomes King of Wessex. During his reign the Kingdom of Wessex becomes the dominant power in England. 

839 

Death of Egbert. He is succeeded by his son Æthelwulf.

858 

Death of Æthelwulf. His son Æthelbald becomes King of Wessex

860 

Death of Æthelbald. He is succeeded by his brother Æthelbert

866 

Death of Æthelbert. He is succeeded by his brother Æthelred.

871 - Alfred the Great - King of Wessex

Death of Æthelred I. His brother Alfred ‘The Great’ becomes King of Wessex. Visit our dedicated Alfred the Great page.

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886 

Establishment of the Danelaw

899 

Death of Alfred ‘The Great’. Alfred’s son Edward ‘The Elder’ becomes King of the Anglo-Saxons

924 

Death of Edward ‘The Elder’ His son Æthelstan becomes King of the Anglo-Saxons, later King of England

939 

Death of Æthelstan. He is succeeded by his half-brother Edmund as King of England

946 

Death of Edmund I. His younger brother Edred becomes King of England

955

Death of Edred. He is succeeded by Edwy the son of Edmund I

959 

Death of Edwy. His brother Edgar becomes King of England

975 

Death of Edgar. He is succeeded by his son Edward II ‘The Martyr’

978 

Edward II is murdered at Corfe Castle.  His younger half-brother Æthelred II ‘The Unready’ becomes King of England.

1013 

Æthelred II flees to Normandy. King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ becomes the first Danish King of England.

1014 

Death of Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’.  Æthelred returns as King of England.

1016 

Death of Æthelred II. His son Edmund II ‘Ironside’ succeeds him but dies a few months later. Cnut (Canute) ‘The Great’, son of King Sweyn becomes King of England.

1035 

Death of King Cnut. He is succeeded by his two sons Harold Harefoot and Harthacnut.

1040 

Death of Harold Harefoot

1042 

Death of Harthacnut. Edward III ‘The Confessor’ son of Æthelred II, becomes King of England.

1066 

Death of Edward III in January. Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex is crowned King of England. He dies in October at the Battle of Hastings. Edgar Ætheling is elected King (but not crowned) by the Anglo-Saxon Witan. He leads a brief uprising against William, Duke of Normandy.

The Norman Dynasty

The Norman Dynasty 

1066

The Battle of Hastings. On October 14th 1066 King Harold II is killed in battle by William the Conqueror. William is crowned King at Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day. Find out more here about the Battle of Hastings.

1069

The Harrying of the North. In the winter of 1069-1070 King William I carried out a scorched earth policy in the North of England. Villages, livestock and food stores were burnt. The inhabitants massacred and the earth salted.

1086 

Domesday Book is presented to King William I.

1087 

Death of King William I. His eldest son William Rufus succeeds him as king.

1100 

Death of King William II. His younger brother Henry is crowned Henry I.

1120

William, eldest son of Henry and only male heir to the throne is drowned at sea.

1135

Death of Henry I. Stephen, a cousin of Henry’s daughter and heir Matilda, has himself crowned King of England. A civil war breaks out.

1153

Treaty of Winchester. Stephen will remain King until his death at which time Matilda’s son Henry will succeed him as King.

1154

Death of King Stephen

The Angevin Dynasty

The Angevin Dynasty

1154

Henry II is crowned King.

1170

Murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral.

1189

Death of Henry II. His son Richard ‘the Lion heart’ is crowned King.

1190

Richard I joins the Third Crusade to the Holy Land.

1194

Richard I returns to England, then departs for Normandy a month later.

1199 

Death of Richard I. His younger brother John is crowned king.

1209 

King John is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III.

1215

Magna Carta

1216 

Death of King John. He is succeeded by his nine year old son Henry.


The Plantagenet Dynasty

The Plantagenet Dynasty 

1216

Henry III is crowned King.

1225

Re-issue of Magna Carta

1258

The Provisions of Oxford

1265

The Battle of Evesham. Simon de Monfort, leader of the rebel barons is killed.

1272

Death of Henry III. His son is named King Edward I 

1282

Invasion of Wales. Death of Llywelyn ap Gruffyd (Llywelyn the Last).

1290

Expulsion of the Jews

1298

Battle of Falkirk, defeat of William Wallace.

1301

Edward’s eldest son Edward declared Prince of Wales.

1307

Death of Edward I, his son is crowned Edward II.

1326

Isabella of France leads a rebellion against her husband King Edward II. 

1327

Edward II is forced to abdicate in favour of his son Edward III.

1337

Beginning of the Hundred Years War

1348

The Black Death

1377

Death of Edward III. His ten year old grandson is named King Richard II.

1381

Peasants Revolt led by Wat Tyler

The Lancaster Dynasty

The Lancaster Dynasty

1399 

Henry Bolingbroke seizes the throne from Richard II and has himself crowned Henry IV.

1400

Welsh revolt led by Owain Glyndwr

1413 

Death of Henry IV. He is succeeded by his son Henry V

1415

The Battle of Agincourt

1420

Treaty of Troyes. Henry V is named as heir to the French throne.

1422

Death of Henry V. His infant son Henry is named as his successor.

1429

Henry VI crowned King of England

1431

Henry VI crowned King of France.

1450

Cade’s Rebellion. An uprising in England led by Jack Cade. Loss of Normandy.

1453

A Council of Regency is set up to run the country due to Henry VI’s mental illness

1455

The Battle of St Albans marks the start of the Wars of the Roses.

1461

The Battle of Towton, King Henry VI is forced to flee. Edward, Duke of York is crowned King Edward IV.

1470

Henry VI is restored to the throne.

The York Dynasty

The York Dynasty

1471

The Battle of Tewkesbury. Edward IV reclaims the throne. Henry VI dies in the Tower of London.

1483

Death of Edward IV.  The Princes in the Tower. Richard III is crowned King.

1485

The Battle of Bosworth Field. Death of Richard III.

The Tudor Dynasty

The Tudor Dynasty

1485

Henry Tudor is crowned King Henry VII

1509

Death of Henry VII. His son Henry VIII is crowned King.

1534

Act of Supremacy. Henry VIII is made Head of the English Church.

1547

Death of Henry VIII. His son Edward VI becomes King age nine.

1553

Death of Edward VI. Lady Jane Grey is Queen for nine days. Mary I becomes Queen 

1558

Death of Mary I. Her half-sister Elizabeth I becomes Queen

1563

The Thirty-Nine Articles lay down the basis of the Anglican Church.

1587

The execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1588

The defeat of the Spanish Armada

1603

Death of Elizabeth I

The Stuart Dynasty

The Stuart Dynasty 

1603

James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England

1605

The Gunpowder Plot.

1625

Death of James I. His son Charles I is crowned King.

1642

Start of the English Civil Wars.

1649

Execution of Charles I. England becomes a Republic.

1658 

Death of Oliver Cromwell

1660

Charles II crowned King of England

1665

The Great Plague 

1666

The Great Fire of London

1685

Death of Charles II. His brother James II is crowned King

1688

The Glorious Revolution

1689

William III and Mary II rule as joint monarchs. Bill of Rights

1694

Death of Mary II

1701

Act of Settlement

1702

Death of William III. Queen Anne succeeds to the throne

1707

The Act of Union

1714

Death of Queen Anne

The Hanover Dynasty

The Hanover Dynasty 

1714 

George I crowned King

1727 

Death of George I. George II crowned king

1746

Battle of Culloden, defeat of the Jacobite Rebellion and the Young Pretender, Bonnie Prince Charlie.

1760

Death of George II. George III crowned king

1811

George III’s eldest son acts as Prince Regent due to the King’s mental illness.

1820

Death of George III. George IV crowned King

1830

Death of George IV. He is succeeded by his brother William IV.

1832

Representation of the People Act (Great reform Act)

1837

Death of William IV. Succession of Queen Victoria

1861

Death of Prince Albert

1901

Death of Queen Victoria

The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha/House of Windsor Dynasty

The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha/House of Windsor Dynasty 

1901 

Edward VII, son of Queen Victoria, is crowned King.

1910

Death of Edward VII. George V crowned King

1914

Start of World War One

1918

End of World War One

1936

Death of George V. He is succeeded by his son Edward VIII who abdicates in December so that he can marry Wallis Simpson. His brother Albert becomes King George VI

1939

Start of World War Two

1945

End of World War Two, 8th May, VE (Victory in Europe) Day, 15th August, VJ (Victory in Japan) Day

1952

Death of George VI. Queen Elizabeth II