The Anglo- Saxon Dynasty
Following a civil war Offa becomes King of Mercia.
Death of Offa. His son Ecgfrith becomes King but he dies a few months later. Coenwulf rules as King of Mercia until his death in 821.
Egbert becomes King of Wessex. During his reign the Kingdom of Wessex becomes the dominant power in England.
Death of Egbert. He is succeeded by his son Æthelwulf.
Death of Æthelwulf. His son Æthelbald becomes King of Wessex
Death of Æthelbald. He is succeeded by his brother Æthelbert
Death of Æthelbert. He is succeeded by his brother Æthelred.
871 - Alfred the Great - King of Wessex
Death of Æthelred I. His brother Alfred ‘The Great’ becomes King of Wessex. Visit our dedicated Alfred the Great
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Establishment of the Danelaw
Death of Alfred ‘The Great’. Alfred’s son Edward ‘The Elder’ becomes King of the Anglo-Saxons
Death of Edward ‘The Elder’ His son Æthelstan becomes King of the Anglo-Saxons, later King of England
Death of Æthelstan. He is succeeded by his half-brother Edmund as King of England
Death of Edmund I. His younger brother Edred becomes King of England
Death of Edred. He is succeeded by Edwy the son of Edmund I
Death of Edwy. His brother Edgar becomes King of England
Death of Edgar. He is succeeded by his son Edward II ‘The Martyr’
Edward II is murdered at Corfe Castle. His younger half-brother Æthelred II ‘The Unready’ becomes King of England.
Æthelred II flees to Normandy. King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ becomes the first Danish King of England.
Death of Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’. Æthelred returns as King of England.
Death of Æthelred II. His son Edmund II ‘Ironside’ succeeds him but dies a few months later. Cnut (Canute) ‘The Great’, son of King Sweyn becomes King of England.
Death of King Cnut. He is succeeded by his two sons Harold Harefoot and Harthacnut.
Death of Harold Harefoot
Death of Harthacnut. Edward III ‘The Confessor’ son of Æthelred II, becomes King of England.
Death of Edward III in January. Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex is crowned King of England. He dies in October at the Battle of Hastings. Edgar Ætheling is elected King (but not crowned) by the Anglo-Saxon Witan. He leads a brief uprising against William, Duke of Normandy.
The Norman Dynasty
The Battle of Hastings. On October 14th 1066 King Harold II is killed in battle by William the Conqueror. William is crowned King at Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day. Find out more here
about the Battle of Hastings.
The Harrying of the North. In the winter of 1069-1070 King William I carried out a scorched earth policy in the North of England. Villages, livestock and food stores were burnt. The inhabitants massacred and the earth salted.
Domesday Book is presented to King William I.
Death of King William I. His eldest son William Rufus succeeds him as king.
Death of King William II. His younger brother Henry is crowned Henry I.
William, eldest son of Henry and only male heir to the throne is drowned at sea.
Death of Henry I. Stephen, a cousin of Henry’s daughter and heir Matilda, has himself crowned King of England. A civil war breaks out.
Treaty of Winchester. Stephen will remain King until his death at which time Matilda’s son Henry will succeed him as King.
The Angevin Dynasty
Henry II is crowned King.
Murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral.
Death of Henry II. His son Richard ‘the Lion heart’ is crowned King.
Richard I joins the Third Crusade to the Holy Land.
Richard I returns to England, then departs for Normandy a month later.
Death of Richard I. His younger brother John is crowned king.
King John is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III.
Death of King John. He is succeeded by his nine year old son Henry.
The Plantagenet Dynasty
Henry III is crowned King.
Re-issue of Magna Carta
The Provisions of Oxford
The Battle of Evesham. Simon de Monfort, leader of the rebel barons is killed.
Death of Henry III. His son is named King Edward I
Invasion of Wales. Death of Llywelyn ap Gruffyd (Llywelyn the Last).
Expulsion of the Jews
Battle of Falkirk, defeat of William Wallace.
Edward’s eldest son Edward declared Prince of Wales.
Death of Edward I, his son is crowned Edward II.
Isabella of France leads a rebellion against her husband King Edward II.
Edward II is forced to abdicate in favour of his son Edward III.
Beginning of the Hundred Years War
The Black Death
Death of Edward III. His ten year old grandson is named King Richard II.
Peasants Revolt led by Wat Tyler
The Lancaster Dynasty
Henry Bolingbroke seizes the throne from Richard II and has himself crowned Henry IV.
Welsh revolt led by Owain Glyndwr
Death of Henry IV. He is succeeded by his son Henry V
The Battle of Agincourt
Treaty of Troyes. Henry V is named as heir to the French throne.
Death of Henry V. His infant son Henry is named as his successor.
Henry VI crowned King of England
Henry VI crowned King of France.
Cade’s Rebellion. An uprising in England led by Jack Cade. Loss of Normandy.
A Council of Regency is set up to run the country due to Henry VI’s mental illness
The Battle of St Albans marks the start of the Wars of the Roses.
The Battle of Towton, King Henry VI is forced to flee. Edward, Duke of York is crowned King Edward IV.
Henry VI is restored to the throne.
The York Dynasty
The Battle of Tewkesbury. Edward IV reclaims the throne. Henry VI dies in the Tower of London.
Death of Edward IV. The Princes in the Tower. Richard III is crowned King.
The Battle of Bosworth Field. Death of Richard III.
The Tudor Dynasty
Henry Tudor is crowned King Henry VII
Death of Henry VII. His son Henry VIII is crowned King.
Act of Supremacy. Henry VIII is made Head of the English Church.
Death of Henry VIII. His son Edward VI becomes King age nine.
Death of Edward VI. Lady Jane Grey is Queen for nine days. Mary I becomes Queen
Death of Mary I. Her half-sister Elizabeth I becomes Queen
The Thirty-Nine Articles lay down the basis of the Anglican Church.
The execution of Mary Queen of Scots
The defeat of the Spanish Armada
The Stuart Dynasty
James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England
The Gunpowder Plot.
Death of James I. His son Charles I is crowned King.
Start of the English Civil Wars.
Execution of Charles I. England becomes a Republic.
Death of Oliver Cromwell
Charles II crowned King of England
The Great Plague
The Great Fire of London
Death of Charles II. His brother James II is crowned King
The Glorious Revolution
William III and Mary II rule as joint monarchs. Bill of Rights
Death of Mary II
Act of Settlement
Death of William III. Queen Anne succeeds to the throne
The Act of Union
The Hanover Dynasty
George I crowned King
Death of George I. George II crowned king
Battle of Culloden, defeat of the Jacobite Rebellion and the Young Pretender, Bonnie Prince Charlie.
Death of George II. George III crowned king
George III’s eldest son acts as Prince Regent due to the King’s mental illness.
Death of George III. George IV crowned King
Death of George IV. He is succeeded by his brother William IV.
Representation of the People Act (Great reform Act)
Death of William IV. Succession of Queen Victoria
Death of Prince Albert
The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha/House of Windsor Dynasty
Edward VII, son of Queen Victoria, is crowned King.
Death of Edward VII. George V crowned King
Start of World War One
End of World War One
Death of George V. He is succeeded by his son Edward VIII who abdicates in December so that he can marry Wallis Simpson. His brother Albert becomes King George VI
Start of World War Two
End of World War Two, 8th May, VE (Victory in Europe) Day, 15th August, VJ (Victory in Japan) Day
Death of George VI. Queen Elizabeth II