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Introduction
Three Parts
What is Parliament for?
How Does Parliament Work?
Parliament and Government
The Voice of the Nation
Confidence Motions
How Does the Government Organise its Majority -The Whips Overview
Carrots and Sticks used by the Whips
Managing your majority through Parliamentary Private Secretaries
Managing your majority by working with Party Groups
Rebellions
Free Votes in the House of Commons
Parliamentary Reform
Types of MPs - The Constituency Activist
Types of MPs - The Aspiring Minister
Types of MPs- The House of Commons Expert
Types of MPs - The Ideologist
Types of MPs- The Policy Entrepreneur
Controlling the Executive - Introduction
Controlling the Executive by Legislation
Controlling the Executive with Finance
Controlling the Executive through Appointments
Controlling the Executive through Questions
Controlling the Executive through Ministerial Statements
Controlling the Executive with Opposition Debates
Controlling the Executive through Select Committees
What do Backbench MPs do?
Overview of MP Expenses and Interests
Sleaze in British Politics - The 1990s
MPs Expenses Scandal 2009
Parliament- An Exclusive Club
Introduction
Three Parts
What is Parliament for?
How Does Parliament Work?
Parliament and Government
The Voice of the Nation
Confidence Motions
How Does the Government Organise its Majority -The Whips Overview
Carrots and Sticks used by the Whips
Managing your majority through Parliamentary Private Secretaries
Managing your majority by working with Party Groups
Rebellions
Free Votes in the House of Commons
Parliamentary Reform
Types of MPs - The Constituency Activist
Types of MPs - The Aspiring Minister
Types of MPs- The House of Commons Expert
Types of MPs - The Ideologist
Types of MPs- The Policy Entrepreneur
Controlling the Executive - Introduction
Controlling the Executive by Legislation
Controlling the Executive with Finance
Controlling the Executive through Appointments
Controlling the Executive through Questions
Controlling the Executive through Ministerial Statements
Controlling the Executive with Opposition Debates
Controlling the Executive through Select Committees
What do Backbench MPs do?
Overview of MP Expenses and Interests
Sleaze in British Politics - The 1990s
MPs Expenses Scandal 2009
Parliament- An Exclusive Club
parliament banner

University 18 Yrs + | Parliament

Controlling the Executive through Appointments

The Government makes a little under 4000 appointments each year to Public Bodies such as Natural England or the BBC or the Chief Executive of the Prisons Agency or the Ambassador to South Africa.  

This is organised through the Cabinet Office and provides a large system of patronage in the hands of the Prime Minister and Ministers, although there are now standard selection procedures for most of these.  

Until recently Parliament had no say in this, though MPs could ask questions about the process. In 2007 the Government agreed to a three year experiment in pre-appointment hearings by Select Committees to 60 positions. 

The Liaison Committee looked at the experiment and decided that it had worked well and proposed more powers to Committees including the ability to reject a candidate and an ability to look at a wider range of appointment than the list the Government had limited them to, but the Government refused to accept this, though scrutiny of appointments still continues. Pressure from Parliament continues. George Osborne agreed in 2010 that the Head of the Office for Budget Responsibility would have to have Select Committee approval.  The Treasury Select Committee has argued that they should approve the appointment or dismissal of the Governor of the Bank of England and that appointments that were disputed between Select Committees and Ministers should be referred to the whole House of Commons.

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