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Introduction
What are Parties for
How Parties have Adapted to Change - Cadre Party
How Parties Have Adapted to Change - The Mass Membership Party
How Parties Have Adapted to Change - The Catch-All Party
How Parties Have Adapted to Change - The Cartel Party
Describing Party Systems
Theories of Party Systems -The Frozen Party System
Theories of Party Systems - The Downs Model
Theories of Party Systems - Satori
The New Party System
How do voters decide who to vote for
How do voters decide who to vote for - The Michigan Studies
How do voters decide who to vote for - Social Class
How do voters decide who to vote for - Partisan Dealignment
Issue Voting
Single Member Constituencies
Electoral Bias
Electoral Geography of Great Britain
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Conservatives
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Labour
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Liberals
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Plaid Cymru
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - SNP
Electoral Geography in Great Britain - UKIP
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Green Party
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Respect
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - BNP
General Election Campaign - Choosing the Date
General Election Campaign
General Election Campaign - The Media
General Election Campaigns - Three types of Media
General Election Campaigns - Opinion Polls
General Election Campaigns - turn-out
Why did people vote the way they did - Social Class
Why did people vote the way they did - Housing Tenure
Why did people vote the way they did - Age
Why did people vote the way they did - Gender
Why did people vote the way they did - Ethnicity
The result and government formation
Introduction
What are Parties for
How Parties have Adapted to Change - Cadre Party
How Parties Have Adapted to Change - The Mass Membership Party
How Parties Have Adapted to Change - The Catch-All Party
How Parties Have Adapted to Change - The Cartel Party
Describing Party Systems
Theories of Party Systems -The Frozen Party System
Theories of Party Systems - The Downs Model
Theories of Party Systems - Satori
The New Party System
How do voters decide who to vote for
How do voters decide who to vote for - The Michigan Studies
How do voters decide who to vote for - Social Class
How do voters decide who to vote for - Partisan Dealignment
Issue Voting
Single Member Constituencies
Electoral Bias
Electoral Geography of Great Britain
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Conservatives
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Labour
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Liberals
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Plaid Cymru
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - SNP
Electoral Geography in Great Britain - UKIP
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Green Party
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - Respect
Electoral Geography of Great Britain - BNP
General Election Campaign - Choosing the Date
General Election Campaign
General Election Campaign - The Media
General Election Campaigns - Three types of Media
General Election Campaigns - Opinion Polls
General Election Campaigns - turn-out
Why did people vote the way they did - Social Class
Why did people vote the way they did - Housing Tenure
Why did people vote the way they did - Age
Why did people vote the way they did - Gender
Why did people vote the way they did - Ethnicity
The result and government formation
parties and voting banner

University 18 Yrs + | Parties and Voting

Voting Factors - Ethnicity 


In 2010, non-white ethnic groups voted Labour by 60% to the Conservatives 16% while the Liberal Democrats actually did better in this group than the Conservatives, gaining 20% (some Muslim voters switched to the Lib Dems in 2005 because of their opposition to the Iraq war). Only Hindus of Indian origin tended to have similar voting patterns to the rest of the population.

The Conservatives increased their number of ethnic minority MPs from 2 to 11 but this had a very limited impact on voting patterns. This support for Labour is despite the fact that the 2010 Ethic Minority British Election Survey found that this group of the population was less supportive of public spending than the rest of the population. However, they were much more concerned about unemployment and, of course, discrimination and Labour has been seen as the best party on this, possibly because of long standing memories of the two parties stances on these issues. The ethnic minority vote is increasing and is now larger than the winning party’s majority in 168 constituencies.

Of the white ethnic minority groups, the Irish vote was historically more Labour because of Labour support for Irish independence and because most Irish immigrants were working class.  

The Jewish vote was also historically on the left but, with Margaret Thatcher representing a constituency with a considerable Jewish vote and adopting a pro-Israeli policy, some of it shifted to the Conservatives.  It is difficult to say that there is now any trend but the Jewish vote is only significant in NW London and the Manchester conurbation. 

The other significant white ethnic minority group is the Polish. Polish immigrants after the war tended to be anti-Communist and tended to vote Conservative but recent immigrants do not have a vote in Parliamentary elections, though they can in European and local elections, but there is little information on how and whether they vote.
          

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