University 18 Yrs + | Post Second World War Consensus
Building on Britain’s place in the World
Britain at this time was seen to be significant internationally.
This was due to being on the winning side of the war and attending peace conferences, having an empire and the relationship she held with the United States as part of the ‘ Special Relationship’.
Britain pursued policies to extend her influence and it was on this base that consensus politics developed at home.
- Getting closer to Europe – Early European Integration continued without the British. Britain failed to join the EEC in 1963 due to a veto by French President Charles De Gaul. When De Gaul left power in 1969 Britain was again free to apply and successfully joined after a referendum put to the British People in 1974. However, Britain saw her interests elsewhere.
- The Commonwealth was created and countries such as India were granted independence in 1947 but were still used strategically by Britain often for military bases
- The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was created in 1949. Existing today, this was primarily a mutual defence agreement between the United States of America, Great Britain, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg and six other European countries to help each other if faced with aggression from, at that time, the Soviet Union.