Studying, William and Kate, Royal Courts of Justice, Prime Minister David Cameron, Winston Churchill, Parliament

About Number 10 Downing Street – The official residence of the British Prime Minister

The black door of 10 Downing Street is an iconic building in British and world politics. 

Behind the door has been the official home to British Prime Ministers since 1735 and where decisions that have shaped Britain have been made. 

This is covered superbly in Anthony Seldon's 10 Downing Street: The Illustrated History and Christopher Jones' Number Ten Downing Street: The Story of a House 

Number 10 has 3 functions. 

It is the official residence of the British Prime Minister: it is their office, and it is also the place where the Prime Minister entertains guests from Her Majesty The Queen to Presidents of the United States and other world leaders. 

The Prime Minister hosts countless receptions and events for a whole range of British and overseas guests.

The building is much larger than it appears from its frontage. 

The hall with the chequered floor immediately behind the front door lets on to a warren of rooms and staircases.

The house in Downing Street was joined to a more spacious and elegant building behind it in the late 18th century. 

Number 10 has also spread itself out to the left of the front door, and has taken over much of 12 Downing Street, which is accessed by a corridor that runs through 11 Downing Street – the official residence of the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Giving You More

  • FOR STUDENTS: Amazon Prime Student 6 month trial. 50% off normal Prime. 10% off Text Books. 1000s of Videos.

Latest News & Features

Writing Tips for Beginners: 7 Ways to Stop Self-Sabotage

Click here for seven, quick practical ways to handle your inner critic.

BRIT Review: Brexit: the case for a new referendum by Jorn Moeskops

Mary Queen of Scots - Who was she? Why did her own cousin, Elizabeth I execute her? Get your FREE FACT FILE

Message from the Editor: We're upgrading Britpolitics in 2019! Discover our exciting plans

Our Twitter Feed