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University 18 Yrs + | Parties and Voting

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British National Party

The British National Party was a breakaway party from the National Front, which had had some electoral success in the 1970s.

When Nick Griffin became leader in 1999, he sought to modernise the party’s image and it achieved a significant vote in Oldham and Burnley in the 2001 general election and in the Pennine towns in local elections.

It began to poll much higher in the local elections in 2006, becoming the second party in Barking and Dagenham. It won two seats in the European elections in 2009 and began to poll well in local by-elections across the country and contested half of the seats in the 2010 general election.

Griffin’s poor performance on BBC’s Question Time programme and infighting, typical of far right parties, led to a collapse in its vote. This has been coupled with infighting, including legal action, and the ousting of Griffin as leader.

In the 2014 European Election the BNP lost all of their seats and have no Members of the European Parliament. It is largely thought that this was due to the success of the UK Independence Party (UKIP), who took over the platform for talking about immigration in the UK in a way that connected better with voters.

After several further rounds of internal fighting the BNP was declared bankrupt and candidates were receiving a few hundred votes.